Document Type : Scientific Research Manuscript


Assistant Professor of Anthropology, Department of Cultural Studies, Institute for Social and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran


Religious systems spread across geographical contexts and thus form their own historical and geographical formations. The existing understanding and analysis of Shiite formulation is mainly concentrated on its time and historical developments. In this article, I have tried to deal with geographical aspect of Shiite identity formation by emphasizing the recent developments, especially the fall of Saddam and the liberation of pilgrimage of Karbala and other Shiite holy cities in Iraq for believers, in relation to the geography of the Holy Land in Shiite culture. Historical data show that Shiism has always regretted for the pilgrimage to its holy land, Karbala, and this has symbolically become a fundamental part of the identity and faith of Shiites around the world. The most important consequence of free access to the holy shrines has caused the fundamental change of this formulation of the centrality of the Holy Land and the end of this historical syndrome of regretting for the Holy Land and the desire for pilgrimage.


Main Subjects

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Mousavi Bojnurdi, K. (2009). Islam: A historical and cultural research. Tehran, Iran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.