Document Type : Scientific Research Manuscript


1 Associate Professor of Sociology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran

2 M.Sc. Student of Psychology, Department of General Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran


Most societies, today, are made up of people with diverse cultures, nationalities, and ethnicities. Today, migration and communication between nations is common occurrences and sometimes necessary; hence, the acceptance of different nationalities by each other and the lack of social distancing becomes a necessity for pluralistic societies. For years, Iran has welcomed large numbers of Afghan immigrants as well as many Iraqi travelers. Considering the importance of the manner and quality of communication between different nationalities and the determining role of the attitude of the host society in this regard, this study is conducted to investigate the attitudes of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad students towards four nationalities: Iraqi, Afghan, American and Dutch. The research method is survey, with the sample size being 197 people who were randomly selected and filled in the Bogardes scale for the four nationalities. Statistical analysis of the data shows that Iranian students have had significant differences in their attitudes toward these four nationalities. According to the results of this study, the Netherlands, as the representative of Europeans, has the highest acceptance rate among Iranian students, followed by the United States and Afghanistan, respectively, and finally, Iraq has the lowest acceptance rate among Iranian students.


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