رواسازی میان‌فرهنگی مقیاس چندبُعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده در دانشجویان ایرانی و سوئدی

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشیار دانشگاه اربرو سوئد

3 استاد دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف رواسازی میان‌فرهنگی مقیاس چندبعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده (ام‎پی‌اس‌اس) در گروهی از دانشجویان ایرانی و سوئدی انجام شد. در مطالعة حاضر، 212 دانشجوی کارشناسی (112 ایرانی و 100 سوئدی) به مقیاس چندبعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده پاسخ دادند. به‌منظور بررسی تغییرناپذیری عاملی ام‎پی‌اس‌اس در دو گروه از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی چندگروهی استفاده شد. نتایج تحلیل مؤلفه‌های اصلی با استفاده از چرخش واریماکس در دو گروه دانشجویان ایرانی و سوئدی نشان داد که «ام‌اس‌پی‌اس‌اس» از سه عامل دوستان، خانواده و دیگرانِ مهم تشکیل شده است. نتایج تحلیل عاملی تأییدی تک‌گروهی نشان داد که در کل نمونه و در دو گروه، الگوی سه‌عاملی ام‎پی‌اس‌اس برازش خوبی با داده‌ها داشتند. نتایج تحلیل عامل تأییدی چندگروهی به‌روشنی تغییرناپذیری بین‌گروهی باقی‌مانده­های اندازه‌گیری، کوواریانس‌های ساختاری و وزن‌های اندازه‌گیری «ام‌اس‌پی‌اس‌اس» را در دانشجویان ایرانی و سوئدی نشان دادند. همچنین، نتایج تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری نشان داد که اثر عنصر بافتاری فرهنگ بر زیرمقیاس‌های حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده از نظر آماری معنادار بود. در مجموع، نتایج مطالعة حاضر نشان داد که دانشجویان در دو گروه فرهنگی صرف نظر از زمینة فرهنگی، گویه‌های مقیاس چندبعدی حمایت اجتماعی ادراک‌شده را به شیوة مشابهی تفسیر کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


فلاحتی، لیلا (1392). بررسی کیفیت زندگی دانشگاهی دانشجویان: مطالعة موردی دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های تهران و کردستان. تحقیقات فرهنگی ایران، 6 (23)، 172-151.

ماندگاری، فرزانه (1393). تأثیر‌ مؤلفه‌های نوگرایی در حمایت خویشاوندی خانواده‌های شهر یزد. تحقیقات فرهنگی ایران، 7 (27)، 177-149.

نجاتی، وحید (1393). طراحی معماهای اجتماعی‌ـ ‌شناختی برای سنجش ارزش‌های فرهنگی و بررسی روایی آن. تحقیقات فرهنگی ایران، 7 (25)، 59-31.

Ang, R. P.; Huan, V. S.; & Braman, O. R. (2007). Factorial structure and invariance of the academic expectations stress inventory across hispanic and chinese adolescent aample. Child Psychiatry Human Development, 38,73-87.

Aroian, K.; Templin, T. M.; & Ramaswamy, V. (2010). Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support for arab immigrant women. Health Care for Women International, 31, 153–169.

Basol, G. (2008). Validity and reliability of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support-revised with a Turkish sample. Social Behavior and Personality, 36 (10), 1303-1313.

Boren, J. P. (2013). Co-rumination partially mediates the relationship between social support and emotional exhaustion among graduate students. Communication Quarterly, 61 (3), 253–267.

Bouteyre, E.; Maurel, M.; & Bernaud, J. L. (2007). Daily hassles and depressive symptoms among rirst year psychology students in France: The role of coping and social support. Stress and Health, 23, 93–99.

Bruwer, B.; Emsley, R.; Kidd, M.; Lochner, C.; & Seedat, S. (2008). Psychometric properties of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in youth. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 49, 195–201.

Butler, E. A.; Lee, T. L.; & Gross, J. J. (2007). Emotion regulation and culture: Are the social consequences of emotion suppression culture specific? Emotion, 7, 30–48.

Byrne, B. M. (2006). Structural equation modeling with EQS: Basic concepts, applications and programming. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, NJ.

Byrne, B. M.; & Watkins, D. (2003). The issue of measurement invariance revisited. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 34, 155-175.

Calvete, E.; & Connor-Smith, J. K. (2006). Perceived social support, coping, and symptoms of distress in American and Spanish students. Anxiety, Stress & Coping, 19 (1), 47-65.

Chalise, H. N. (2010). Social support and its correlation with loneliness and subjective well-being: a cross-cultural study of older nepalese adults. Asian Social Work and Policy Review, 4, 1–25.

Chan, D. (2000). Detection of differential item functioning on the kirton adaption–innovation inventory using multiple-group mean and covariance structure analyses. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 35, 169-199.

Chen, M. Y.; James, K.; & Wang, E. K. (2007). Comparison of health-promoting behavior between Taiwanese and American adolescents: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44, 59–69.

Cheng, S. T.; & Chan, A. C. M. (2004). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support: Dimensionality and age and gender differences in adolescents. Personality and Individual Differences, 37, 1359–1369.

Christopher, J. C.; & Bickhard, M. H. (2007). Culture, self and identity: Interactivist contributions to a metatheory for cultural psychology. Culture & Psychology, 13 (3), 259–295.

Clara, I. P.; Cox, B. J.; Enns, M. W.; Murray, L. T.; & Torgrudc, L. J. (2003). Confirmatory factor analysis of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in clinically distressed and student samples. Journal of Personality Assessment, 81 (3), 265–270.

Dancey C. H. P.; & Reidy, J. (1999). Statistics without math’s for psychology. Prentice Hall.

Duru, E. (2007). Re-examination of the psychometric characteristics of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support among Turkish University students. Social Behavior and Personality, 35 (4), 443-451.

Edwards, L. (2004). Measuring perceived social support in Mexican American youth: Psychometric properties of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 26 (2), 187-194.

Ekar, D., Arker, H.; & Yaldiz, H. (2000). Generality of support sources and psychometric properties of a scale of perceived social supports in Turkey. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 228-233.

Ekback, M.; Benzein, E.; Lindberg, M.; & Arestedt, K. (2013). The Swedish version of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS): A psychometric evaluation study in women with hirsutism and nursing students. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 168, 1-9.

Ghorbani, N.; Bing, M. N.; Watson, P. J.; Davison, H. K.; & Lebreton, D. L. (2003). Individualist and collectivist values: Evidence of compatibility in Iran and the United States. Personality and Individual Differences, 35, 431-447.

Chu, T. Q.; Kim, H. S.; & Sherman, D. K. (2008, February). Culture and the perceptions of implicit and explicit social support use. poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Albuquerque, NM.

Goodwin, R.; & Plaza, S. H. (2000). Perceived and received social support in two cultures: Collectivism and support among british and spanish students. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 17 (2), 282-291.

Hashimoto, T.; Imada, T.; & Kitayama, S. (2007). Support seeking in Japan and U. S.: Perspective from daily support and professional help. In Proceedings of the 71st Conference of the Japanese Psychological Association. Tokyo, Japan: Toyo University.

Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hu, L. T.; & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55.

Kim, H. S. (2002). We talk, therefore we think? a cultural analysis of the effect of talking on thinking. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83,828–842.

Kim, H. S. (2008). Culture and the cognitive and neuroendocrine responses to speech. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 32–47.

Kim, H. S.; & Sherman, D. K. (2007). Express yourself: Culture and the effect of self-expression on choice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92,1–11.

Kim, H. S.; Sherman, D. K.; Ko, D.; & Taylor, S. E. (2006). Pursuit of happiness and pursuit of harmony: Culture, relationships, and social support seeking. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 1595–1607.

Kim, H. S.; Sherman, D K.; & Taylor, S. E. (2008). Culture and social support. American Psychologist, 63 (6), 518–526.

Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and Practices of Structural Equation Modeling, (2nd edition). New York: Guilford.

Kong, F.; Zhao, J.; & You, X. (2012). Emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in chinese university students: The mediating role of self-esteem and social support. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 1039–1043.

Liang, B.; & Bogat, A. (1994). Culture, control, and coping: New perspectives on social support. American Journal of Community Psychology, 22 (1), 123-147.

Markus, H. R.; & Kitayama, S. (1991). Culture and self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation. Psychological Review, 98, 224–253.

Marsella, A. J.; & Leong, F. T. L. (1995). Cross-cultural issues in personality and career assessment. Journal of Career Assessment, 3, 202–218.

Meade, A. W.; & Lautenschlager, G. J. (2004). A comparison of items response theory and confirmatory factor analytic methodologies for establishing measurement equivalence/invariance. Organizational Research Methods, 7, 361-388.

Moos, R. H. (2002). The mystery of human context and coping: An unraveling of clues. American Journal of Community Psychology, 30 (1): 67-88.

Murray, C.; Lombardi, A.; Bender, F.; & Gerdes, H. (2013). Social support: Main and moderating effects on the relation between financial stress and adjustment among college students with disabilities. Social Psychology of Education, 16, 277–295.

Ng, C. G.; Siddiq, A. N. A.; Aida, S. A.; Zainal, N. Z.; & Koh, O. H. (2010). Validation of the malay version of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS-M) among a group of medical students in faculty of medicine, University Malaya. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 3–6.

Oyserman, D.; Coon, H.; & Kemmelmeier, M. (2002). Rethinking individualism and collectivism: Evaluation of theoretical assumptions and meta-analyses. Psychological Bulletin, 128,3–72.

Pedersen, S. S.; Spinder, H.; Erdman, R. A. M.; & Denollet, J. (2009). Poor   (ICD) patients and their partners: Cross-validation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Psychosomatics, 50, 461– 467.

Pines, A. M.; & Zaidman, N. (2003). Gender, culture, and social support: A male–female, Israeli Jewish-Arab comparison. Sex Roles, 49, 571-586.

Raju, N. S.; Lafitte, L. J.; & Byrne, B. M. (2002). Measurement equivalence: A comparison of methods based on confirmatory factor analysis and item response theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, 517-529.

Ramaswamy, V.; Aroian, K. J.; & Templin, T. N. (2009). Adaptation and psychometric evaluation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support for arab american adolescents. American Journal of Community Psychology, 43, 49–56.

Reeve, K. L.; Shumaker, C. J.; Yearwood, E. L.; Crowell, N. A.; & Riley, J. B. (2013). Perceived stress and social support in undergraduate nursing students' educational experiences. Nurse Education Today, 33, 419–424.

Rigotti, T.; Schyns, B.; & Mohr, G. (2008). A short version of the occupational self-efficacy scale: Structural and construct validity across five countries. Journal of Career Assessment, 16 (2), 238–255.

Rizwan, M.; & Aftab, F. (2009). Psychometric evaluation of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in pakistani young adults. Pakistan Journal of Psychology, 40 (1), 51-65.

Sasaki, J.; & Kim, H. S. (2008). Cultural differences in daily effects of religious coping. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the society for personality and social psychology, Albuquerque, NM.

Somerfield, M. R.; & McCrae, R. R. (2000). Stress and coping research: Methodological challenges, theoretical advances, and clinical applications. American Psychologist, 55 (6), 620-625.

Stanley, M. A.; Beck, J. G.; & Zebb, B. J. (1998). Psychometric properties of the MSPSS in older adults. Aging and Mental Health, 2,186–193.

Swickert, R. J.; Rosentreter, C. J.; Hittner, J. B.; & Mushrush, J. E. (2007). Extraversion, social support processes, and stress. Personality and Individual Differences, 32, 877–891.

Suh, E. M.; & Oishi, S. (2004). Culture and subjective well-being: Introduction to the special issue. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5, 219–222.

Taylor, S. E.; Sherman, D. K.; Kim, H. S.; Jarcho, J.; Takagi, K.; & Dunagan, M. S. (2004). Culture and social support: Who seeks it and why? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87,354–362.

Taylor, S. E.; Welch, W.; Kim, H. S.; & Sherman, D. K. (2007). Cultural differences in the impact of social support on psychological and biological stress responses. Psychological Science, 18, 831–837.

Thoits, P. A. (1995). Stress, coping, and social support processes: Where are we? What next? Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35, 53-79.

Triandis, H. C. (1995). Individualism and Collectivism. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Triandis, H.; C.; & Suh, E.M. (2002). Culture influences on personality. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 133-160.

Tweed, R. G.; White, K.; Lehman, D. R. (2004). Culture, stress, and coping: internally -and externally- targeted control strategies of European Canadians, East Asian Canadians, and Japanese. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 35, 652-668.

Tonsing, K.; Zimet, G. D.; & Tse, S. (2012). Assessing Social support among South Asians: The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 164–168.

Vaingankara, J. A.; Abdina, E.; & Chongb, S. A. (2012). exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support in patients with schizophrenia. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 53, 286–291.

Wheaton, B. (1985). Models for the stress-buffering functions of coping resources. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 26(4), 352-364.

Wongpakaran, T.; Wongpakaran, N.; & Ruktrakul, R. (2011). Reliability and validity of the multidimensional scale of perceived social support (MSPSS): Thai version. Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health, 7, 161-166.

Zimet, G. D.; Dahlem, N. W.; Zimet, S. G.; & Farley, G. K. (1988). The multidimensional scale of perceived social support. Journal of Personality Assessment, 52 (1), 30-41.