Faculty Member in Institute for Social and Cultural Studies (ISCS)


It seems that “space” is of the most demonstration of human thinking, reflecting in buildings and cities. Analyzing this kind of “space” will show us the lifestyle and the human view about the whole world. Modernity, as a significant development in human thought, followed by modernism and modernization, itself came to huge changes in all spheres of human life. It changed the appearance of the world, including the spatial structure of cities and buildings, so the city can respond to new needs and demands of the modern man, simultaneously caused new necessities and requirements. Studying this mutual changes, though has a relatively long history in the west, is in its beginning in a country like Iran. According to the theses of this paper, apriority of thought on the practice, I argue that the spatial structure of Tehran in the late Gajar Dynasty was formed according to that development. In spite of that developments in Tehran, new networks of urban communications, modern functions in spatial structures and then, new formation in of infrastructures of the city as the capital, took place. In addition to his exterior changes, this city in that time also was ready to new social reforms which ended in the constitutional movement. Analyzing many of the changes in Pahlavi dynasty, Esp. in Reza Shah Period, would be impossible, unless the Gajar Dynasty in perspective of spatial and social changes is understood.